How to instantly appear clever when speaking5101 2018-12-08 20:02
You are already familiar with many of the tricks:
- Analogy (my love is like a cherry)
- Oxymoron (pretty ugly)
- Rhetorical question (do I have to explain this one?)
- Hyperbole (the most amazingly great figure of all)
- Coyness (Dad gifts me a new iWatch … but I say “oh, you shouldn’t have”)
- Dialogue (teenagers are especially fond of this: Alice said what and then I sad what and then Charlie said what)
- Speak-round (“He Who Must Not Be Named”)
Figures of speech - Making words presented differently by repetition, substitution, sound, and wordplay. Making words sound differently by skipping, swapping, etc.
Repeated first word: use a lot of “and” to start the sentence while thinking what to say.
- e.g., And God said, let there be light: and there was light. 2., e.g. Political figures substitute “um” or “you know” with “and” when thinking what to say.
- e.g., he gets it past two defenders, shoots … misses… shoots again… goal!
- e.g., “What do we want? Justice! When do we want it? Now!”
- Synecdoche: White House
Win the intelligent audience by twisting the expression. For example, adding a surprising end. e.g.
- Friend: it’s excellent book for killing time.
- You: sure, if you like it better than dead.
The mighty ABBA sentences (chiasmus), e.g.
- Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.
- Let’s not settle for swimming with the sharks. Let’s make the sharks want to swim with us.
Or even more, inserting a pun into a chiasmus. e.g.
- a birthday card for a friend who turns 40. Front: “what kind of party suits bob’s birthday?” Back with a photo of naked two-year-old bob: “the kind where he wears his birthday suit.”
Dialysis: Either… or… e.g., George W Bush: you’re either with us, or you’re with the terrorists.
Antithesis: Not… but… e.g., The success of our economy has always depended not just on the size of our gross domestic product, but on the reach of our prosperity.
- Edit yourself loud, which makes the narrative sound more fair and accurate. (Correction figure)
- No-yes sentence. (Also dialysis)
- friend: he seems like a real straight shooter
- you: straight, no. shooter, yes.
- lover: you seem a little put out with me this morning.
- you: put out, no. furious, yes.
- litotes 緩叙法 *, e.g. OJ Simpson’s appearance at a horror comic book convention: I’m not doing this for my health.
- climax *, e.g. A little neglect may breed great mischief…for want of a nail the shoe was lost; for want of a shoe the horse was lost; and for want of a horse the rider was lost.
Inventing new words is dangerous in high school or a government agency. However, it is impactful so we would better use it wisely.
examples of inventing
- Verging. Turn a noun into a verb or vice versa. (e.g., Google it!)
- *-like figure. (e.g., God-like!)